Prostate Cancer Treatment Options
Active surveillance or watchful waiting is often suggested when prostate cancer is found in the early stages and is slow growing, low risk, associated with low PSA levels and just in the prostate.
A partial or radical prostatectomy is the removal of part or all of the prostate gland, as well as possibly some of the surrounding tissue. This option is most commonly used for men whose cancer is restricted to the prostate and those in the early stages of the disease.
*SpaceOAR™ Hydrogel is not used with surgery
Prostate radiation therapy uses directed radioactive exposure, such as high-energy X-rays, to kill cancer cells and surrounding tissues. Due to the rectum being in close proximity it may be exposed to radiation that is targeted for the prostate.
Other treatment options may include chemotherapy, vaccine treatment, cryotherapy, and hormone therapy.
How Does SpaceOAR™ Hydrogel Fit into the Treatment Options?
SpaceOAR Hydrogel, is an absorbable gel that temporarily creates space between the prostate and rectum, designed to reduce the radiation dose delivered to the rectum during prostate cancer radiation therapy.
SpaceOAR Hydrogel is made up of mostly water and Polyethylene glycol, (water; 90% and PEG; 7%), a material that is commonly used in other medical implants in the eye, brain and spine. SpaceOAR Hydrogel is biocompatible, biodegradable and naturally excreted through urine about 6 months.4
- Observation or Active Surveillance for Prostate Cancer. American Cancer Society. http://www.cancer.org/content/cancer/en/cancer/prostate-cancer/treating/watchful-waiting. Accessed August, 2023.
- Surgery for Prostate Cancer. American Cancer Society. https://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostate-cancer/treating/surgery.html. Accessed August, 2023.
- Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer https://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostate-cancer/treating/radiation-therapy.html. Accessed October 1, 2020.
- Data on file
SpaceOAR Hydrogel is intended to temporarily move the rectal wall away from the prostate during the course of radiotherapy treatment for prostate cancer, and in creating this space it is the intent of SpaceOAR Hydrogel to reduce the radiation dose affecting the rectum. SpaceOAR Hydrogel contains polyethylene glycol (PEG). As with any medical treatment, there are some risks involved with the use of SpaceOAR Hydrogel. Potential complications associated with SpaceOAR Hydrogel include, but are not limited to: pain associated with injection, pain or discomfort from the hydrogel, site inflammation, infection (including abscess), inability to urinate, urgent need to urinate, constipation, rectal muscle spasm, damage to lining of rectum, ulcers, fistula (a hole between rectum and bladder, urethra, or skin below the scrotum), perforation (hole in prostate, bladder, urethra, rectum), necrosis (dead tissue), allergic reaction (local reaction or more severe reaction, such as anaphylaxis), embolism (blood vessel blockage is possible and may happen outside of the pelvis, potentially impacting vital organs or legs), fainting, and bleeding. Please talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits related to using SpaceOAR Hydrogel. If one or more of these complications occur, you may need medical treatment or surgery. URO-1288805-AA APR 2022
CAUTION: The law restricts these devices to sale by or on the order of a physician. Indications, contraindications, warnings and instructions for use can be found in the product labeling supplied with each device. Information for use only in countries with applicable health authority registrations. This material not intended for use in France. Products shown for INFORMATION purposes only and may not be approved or for sale in certain countries. Please check availability with your local sales representative or customer service.