Because prostate cancer typically has a slow rate of progression, some patients may never need treatment for their prostate cancer. Instead, their doctors may monitor it closely with regular tests and exams to determine if future treatment is needed.
The main type of surgery for prostate cancer is a radical prostatectomy, where the surgeon removes the entire prostate gland and some surrounding tissue, including the seminal vesicles.
Radiation therapy uses high-powered energy to destroy cancer cells and can be delivered in two ways: external beam radiation or brachytherapy (internal radiation).
How Does SpaceOAR™ Hydrogel Fit into the Treatment Options?
SpaceOAR Hydrogel is a pre-treatment option for patients undergoing radiation therapy for prostate cancer. Through a minimally invasive procedure, SpaceOAR Hydrogel is implanted and designed to reduce the radiation dose delivered to the rectum in patients with prostate cancer who are being treated with radiation. This reduction in radiation exposure lowers a patient’s chance of developing rectal complications, helping them maintain their quality of life.1 This absorbable gel is inserted via a minimally invasive procedure. It creates a temporary space between the prostate and the rectum and remains in place until radiation therapy is complete. It is then naturally absorbed and cleared from the body in the patient’s urine. Other treatment options include chemotherapy, vaccine treatment, cryotherapy and hormone therapy.
1. Mariados N. Sylvester I. Shad D et al Hydrogel spacer prospective multicenter randomized controlled pivotal trial Domestic and clinical effects of perirectal spacer application in men undergoing prostate image guided intensity modulated radiation therapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2015 Aug 1;92(5):971-9.
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