How Does SpaceOARTM Hydrogel Work?
SpaceOAR Hydrogel consists of mostly water (90%) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) that when combined form a soft gel material. PEG materials have undergone extensive biocompatibility and safety testing and is used in a broad number of other implants such as surgical sealants used in the eye, brain and spine.
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Results from case studies are not necessarily predictive of results in other cases. Results in other cases may vary. As with any medical treatment, there are some risks involved with the use of SpaceOAR Hydrogel. Potential complications associated with SpaceOAR Hydrogel include, but are not limited to: pain associated with SpaceOAR Hydrogel injection; pain or discomfort associated with SpaceOAR Hydrogel; needle penetration of the bladder, prostate, rectal wall, rectum or urethra; injection of SpaceOAR Hydrogel into the bladder, prostate, rectal wall, rectum or urethra; local inflammatory reactions; infection; injection of air, fluid or SpaceOAR Hydrogel intravascularly; urinary retention; rectal mucosal damage, ulcers, necrosis; bleeding; and rectal urgency.
- Mariados N, Sylvester J, Shah D, et al. Hydrogel spacer prospective multicenter randomized controlled pivotal trial: Dosimetric and clinical effects of perirectal spacer application in men undergoing prostate image guided intensity modulated radiation therapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2015 Aug 1;92(5):971-7.
- Hamstra DA, Mariados N, Sylvester J, et al. Continued benefit to rectal separation for prostate radiation therapy: Final results of a phase III trial. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2017 Apr 1;97(5):976-85.
- Hamstra D, Shah D, Kurtzman S, et al. Evaluation of sexual function on a randomized trial of a prostate rectal spacer. J Clin Oncol. 2017 February 20;35(Suppl 6):69.
- Biodegradable spacer insertion to reduce rectal toxicity during radiotherapy for prostate cancer (IPG590)
Evidence-based recommendations on biodegradable spacer insertion (gel or balloon) to reduce rectal toxicity during radiotherapy for prostate cancer in adults.
Published 23 August 2017